Crime and communities

 

Research

 

Crime and communities

Items are listed in date order, with the most recent first.

2001 – 2002 

2004

Neighbourhood Management Pathfinder Programme: Annual Findings 2003/04
 

This summary presents the key findings from the National Evaluation
Team’s detailed review of the 20 Round 1 Pathfinders. It draws on research from the first two years of the Programme in order to:
assess progress in partnership building and programme delivery;
assess the nature and extent of early results; and identify lessons that will be of value to other neighbourhood management initiatives.

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Reassurance policing: an evaluation of the local management of
community safety

This research report contains the results of an evaluation into a
reassurance policing project, carried out in two socially deprived
areas of Milton Keynes.

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Sustainable solutions to Anti-Social Behaviour
 

In this briefing the Local Government Association (LGA) expands its earlier response to the government’s approach to anti-social behaviour (ASB), and provides examples of ways in which local government is tackling ASB of all types.

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Perceptions and experiences of anti-social behaviour

Anti-social behaviour (ASB) has been at the centre of the
government’s focus on crime for some time. This report looks at
people’s experience of anti-social behaviour, as reported in the
British Crime Survey (BCS) 2003-04. It finds that the majority of
people have experienced something that they would consider to be
ASB, and that experiences varied from general annoyance to serious
offences.

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Piloting ‘On the spot penalties’ for disorder

The Criminal
Justice system and Police Act 2001
has issued a pilot scheme to
issue penalty notices or ‘on the spot penalties’ for punishing
low-level disorder offences such as ‘causing harassment, alarm or
distress’ and ‘disorderly behaviour while drunk’.

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summary

Neighbourhood Noise – A guide for the public

This guide outlines the law regarding nuisance noise and what can
be done to solve the problem.

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summary

How best to support a witness

Witnesses that come forward to report Anti-social behaviour (ASB)
need support all the way from the initial report to trial, positive
action and beyond.

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summary

What works for victims and witnesses of ASB
 

This study commissioned by the Home Office Anti-social Behaviour
Unit and carried out by a research team at Sheffield Hallam
University draws on the direct experiences of victims and witnesses
of anti-social behaviour.

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summary

Evaluation of drug testing in the criminal justice system

This home office report describes the Criminal Justice
Systems  provisions for the use of drug testing for specified
Class A drugs for individuals aged 18 and over who have been charged
or convicted of “trigger offences” such as, property
crime, robbery and specified Class A drug offences 

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summary 

Anti-Social Behaviour Orders and Associated Measures (Part 1)

This Nacro briefing paper is the first part of 2 reports upon anti-social
behaviour orders (ASBOs)
, acceptable
behaviour contracts (ABCs)
, and associated measures contained in
the Anti-social
Behaviour Act 2003
. These measures include fixed penalty notices
(FPNs) for offences for 16 and 17 year olds, group dispersal and
trespasser powers. Part 2 of the report will consider issues for
practitioners relating to ASBOs and ABCs, and detail the relevant
provisions of the Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003.

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summary

The sentencing framework for children and young people

This Nacro briefing paper provides information on the sentencing
framework for children and young people in trouble with the law.

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summary

Evaluation of Parentline Plus

This Home Office report describes an evaluation of the Parentline
Plus (PLP)
helpline, a national freephone helpline for parents,
aimed at supporting and strengthening families. Conducted between
August 2002 and March 2003, The evaluation investigates whether the
Home Office funded PLP helpline is an efficient and effective way of
providing parents support, and whether it is making a positive
impact on families.

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summary

Active Communities: Headline Findings from the 2003 Home Office
Citizenship Survey

This Home Office report uses findings from the 2003
Home Office Citizenship Survey
to look at how patterns of active
community participation in England have changed since 2001, the date
of the last survey.

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summary

Environmental Exclusion Review for Neighbourhood Renewal Unit,
ODPM – SUMMARY REPORT

This report summarises the findings of a review of
“Environmental Exclusion”, undertaken by Brook Lyndhurst
on behalf of the Neighbourhood
Renewal Unit
in the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.

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summary

Drinking, crime and disorder

Alcohol-related crime is a problem in many cities and towns. This
Research Development and Statistics Directorate report presents the
main findings from 2 Home Office studies that explored the
relationship between alcohol consumption and offending among 18 to
24 year-olds. The 1st study examined the 1999/1998 Youth Lifestyles
Survey (YLS) to quantify the association between binge drinking and
offending behaviour. The 2nd study involved focus group with young
people to explore the social context of binge drinking.

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summary

Mentoring disaffected young people: an evaluation of ‘Mentoring
Plus’

This Joseph Rowntree Foundation report identifies the successful
mentoring programmes in Britain that help disaffected young people
to make positive changes in their lives, through education and
voluntary one-to-one support. The review is the most extensive and
rigorous mentoring British evaluation conducted to date. Focusing on
‘Mentoring Plus’ programmes, run in 10 English locations by Crime
Concern
, it samples a significant number of vulnerable and high
risk young people’s experiences.

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summary

Research Report 9: Joint Working in Sport and Neighbourhood
Renewal

In August 2003, consultancy group SQW was appointed by the Neighbourhood
Renewal Unit
to undertake a study into the nature of joint
working between sports organisations and those promoting
neighbourhood renewal. The findings could be viewed to identify ways
to increase the incidence and the effectiveness of this joint
working.

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summary

The role of street-based youth work in linking socially excluded
young people into education, training and work

This research represents the first, major, national study of
street-based youth work in England and Wales. It focused in
particular on work with socially excluded young people – a key
target group for the Connexions service. The study investigated the
geographical spread of street-based youth work, the young people it
reached and its impact upon their lives.

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Public
Confidence in the Criminal Justice System
 

This Home Office
survey, conducted by MORI, measures public confidence in the
criminal justice system (CJS). During February and March 2003,
researchers carried out interviews with 2,001 people aged 16 and
over in England and Wales. They evaluated public attitudes to and
perceptions of the CJS and its constituent agencies (eg, the police,
prison and probation services, courts and the Crown Prosecution
Service), identifying levels of confidence and satisfaction.

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summary

Community care development: a new concept
 

This Joseph Rowntree Foundation
publication evaluates The Hull Community Care Development Project.
The project was a 3-year pilot initiative to develop local community
responses to their own support and ‘community care’ needs. A
Community Care Development Coordinator was appointed to work in 2
deprived areas of Hull. The report reflects the findings of an
independent evaluation by Deborah Quilgars of the Centre for Housing
Policy, University of York.

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summary

A study of visible security patrols in residential areas

‘A study of visible security patrols in residential areas’, by
the Joseph Rowntree Foundation, is a study resulting from a national
survey of private security firms and regional surveys of local
housing authorities and police forces. The research was carried out
over an 18-month period in Yorkshire and Humberside.

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summary

Evaluation of Neighbourhood Wardens Programme

The neighbourhood wardens programme was launched as a joint
DETR/Home Office initiative in 2000. A total of 84 schemes were
funded to March 2003. Funding was subsequently extended to March
2004. This report summarises the findings of the national evaluation
of the Neighbourhood Wardens Programme, carried out between June
2001 and May 2003.

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Understanding and Engaging
Deprived Communities
 

This Home Office study was designed to enhance understanding of
deprived, high crime communities by exploring perceptions of the
local area. The views were taken from children, parents, residents,
politicians, and professionals living and working in the
community. 

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summary

Children and Citizenship

This Home Office report explores children’s understanding of the
3 elements of citizenship: social and moral responsibility,
community involvement, and political literacy. The research was
undertaken in 7 On Track project areas and one pilot area, which
also has high deprivation. In total 269 children aged between 7 and
15 took part. 

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summary

Citizenship: Young People�s Perspectives
 

This Home Office report presents the findings from 2 research
studies undertaken with children and young people. They aim to
provide more understanding of young people living in areas of high
crime and high deprivation. One study explores children’s
understanding of key aspects of citizenship, whilst the other
examines community perceptions held by professionals, resident
adults and children living and working in ‘On Track’ areas.

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summary

Drugs, Young People and Service Provision

This publication, from Nacro, presents the main findings of
‘Drugs, Young People and Service Provision’ research on behalf of
the Birmingham Drug Action Team. The report considers substance
related servies that address young people’s needs and evaluates
their performance.

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2003

Tackling the Invisible Problem? An Examination of the Provision
of Services to Victims of Racial Harassment in Rural Suffolk

In July 2001 the Scarman
Centre
, University of Leicester was commissioned by Suffolk
County Council and its partner organisations to undertake research
into the effectiveness of services provided by local voluntary and
statutory agencies to victims of racial harassment in the county’s
Rural Priority Area (RPA) and other rural and isolated areas of
Suffolk.

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summary
sanctimonious

Review of Community Participation

The Neighbourhood
Renewal Unit (NRU)
published a report summarising the 109
responses they received to a recent consultation paper. The paper
proposed changes to funding arrangements for neighbourhood renewal
community participation programmes. It was published in September
2003.

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summary

Evaluation of a contracted community policing experiment

In 2000, the Joseph Rowntree Housing Trust (JRHT) and North
Yorkshire Police entered a formal agreement to purchase additional
police cover levels for the low-crime village of New Earswick. The
following report details this three-year experimental initiative.

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summary

Street Wardens Schemes

This document sets out the details and criteria for �25 million
funding of Street Warden schemes.  This funding is to be
allocated from now until the end of March 2004.  Closing date
for bids to be received by the Government Offices for the Regions is
25 September 2001. 

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summary

Neighbourhood Warden Schemes

The Department for Transport, Local Government & the Regions
has announced a further 120 schemes to be funded in addition to the
36 announced in February 2001 . The money will cover the cost of
employing the wardens, scheme managers, administration and project
costs.

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summary

Citizens have rights and responsibilities towards the community

The 2001 Home Office Citizenship Survey just published is a
large-scale survey that will be run every other year. The survey
adds to the continuing debate about social capital, addressing
issues of social cohesion and civil renewal. The Home Office can
assess this performance against targets.

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summary

The public health approach to crime prevention

Programs to prevent and reduce violence sometimes adopt a public
health approach to crime prevention. The public health approach
helps to bring alternative views, tools and techniques to complement
these of criminal justice. This report, from the Australian
Institute of Criminology, identifies the significant areas of the
process.

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summary

Capacity of the criminal justice system to prevent crime

Criminal Justice System action to prevent crime is a tertiary
level prevention measure. It is conventionally seen as acting
through deterrence, incapacitation and rehabilitation, and directly
through effects on socialisation.

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summary

Working with communities to prevent and reduce crime

This report examines four approaches to crime reduction and
community safety. It outlines the background to each approach,
giving illustrations of the type of intervention that each approach
might lead to. 

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summary

Neighbourhoods that work

There have been many studies in the UK about neighbourhoods that
do not work. This report, by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation,
attempts to redress the balance by presenting a study of Bournville,
a neighbourhood that works.

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summary

Recycling assets to tackle gun crime

�1.5 million of confiscated criminals’ money is to be put back
into the community to tackle gun crime. The �1.5m funding has been
allocated from recovered criminal assets seized by the law
enforcement and prosecuting agencies. Money seized from criminals
will directly benefit communities who suffer the consequences of
crime.

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summary

Youth at risk? 

This report presents the first set of findings from a national
survey of young people funded by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation,
which aims to identify the factors that place young people at risk
of displaying problem behaviour in later life and what factors
mitigate those risks.

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summary

Conducting Community Surveys: Results of a Feasibility Study

The Home Office Research Development and Statistics Directorate
(RDS) commissioned a feasibility study into whether a
telephone-based survey could be used to monitor, at the local level,
levels of crime and satisfaction with the police. The intention was
to develop a sound methodology for public consultation surveys that
the police or other local bodies would then be free to adopt.

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summary

Tackling anti-social behaviour: information and case studies
about local authority work – Research Briefing Paper 16

This report brings together information from the Home
Office
and Local
Government Association’s (LGA)
recent surveys on how local
authorities are tackling anti-social behaviour.

More crime and
communities research >>

 

 

Last Update:  14
December 2004

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